Legislation, policy and public construction


The Project Development and Construction Management Act 1994 facilitates government development projects in Victoria and provides for the responsible Minister to set standards and issue written directions in relation to public construction.

Victoria’s broader public governance, financial management and accountability framework

The guidance on public construction procurement is part of Victoria's broader public governance, financial management and accountability framework. It is intended to complement the broader frameworks, and should be read in conjunction with the requirements of this broader framework. These Ministerial Directions set out the requirements applicable to Public Construction Procurement in Victoria, that is, procuring Works and/or Construction Services.

Some Agencies that must comply with these Directions must also comply with the Victorian Government Purchasing Board's (VGPB) supply policies, which apply to non-Public Construction Procurement.  It is for the Accountable Officer of the relevant Agency to decide whether and how to align internal governance frameworks for procurement, noting that where these Directions are inconsistent with the requirements of a supply policy issued by the VGPB, the requirements of these Directions prevail in relation to public construction procurement.

Key elements of Victoria's broader public financial management and governance framework:


Ministerial Directions and equivalent issued under legislation:



Investment Lifecycle and High Value/High Risk Guideline

Public construction

The Project Development and Construction Management Act 1994 defines public construction is any construction, maintenance, rehabilitation, alteration, extension or demolition of any improvements on land by, or on behalf of, departments and public bodies and includes:

  • design and construction practices,
  • tendering processes,
  • project delivery,
  • contract administration.
The Practice Note – Guidance on what is public construction helps public construction procurement practitioners determine when a procurement is ‘public construction’.

Legislation and policies applying to public construction

Find out about the Project Development and Construction Management Act 1994 

Other Victorian Government legislation applying to public construction includes:

  • Building Act 1993
  • Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 2002
  • Architects Act 1991
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004
  • Domestic Building Contracts Act 1995
  • Planning and Environment Act 1987
  • Heritage Act 1995

More details on Victorian legislation and parliamentary documents are available from the Victorian Legislation and Parliamentary Documents website

Other codes, policies and agreements which apply to public construction in Victoria include:

International Agreements

Although Australia is now party to a number of Free Trade Agreements that create obligations for government procurement, the Australia United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) is a good reference point for understanding those obligations.

The AUSFTA sets out rules, procedures and transparency requirements for government purchasing, with the aim of providing United States businesses non-discriminatory access to Australia's Commonwealth, state and territory government procurement markets.

Similarly, Australian businesses are provided wide-ranging access to USA markets.

The AUSFTA applies whenever the cost of Victorian public construction procurement is estimated to equal or exceed specified financial thresholds. Under the agreement the financial thresholds are adjusted every two years.

The current financial thresholds for public construction, effective from 1 January 2016 are:

  • AUD$8,652,000 for building and construction works; or
  • AUD$614,000 for construction related consultancy services.

For further information, refer to Understanding the Australia United States Free Trade Agreement 

The Guide to the Australia-United States Free trade Agreement contains more information for Victorian Government departments.

The Guide to the Australia-United States Free trade Agreement should be read in conjunction with Ministerial Direction No. 1 - Tendering Provisions for Public Construction and the Guide to Ministerial Direction No. 1.

Further details

For more information about legislation, policy and public construction contact the Construction Policy Team in the Department of Treasury and Finance on 03 9651 5300 or by email construction.procurement@dtf.vic.gov.au